Seroepidemiology of Toxoplasmosis in Women Referred to Birjand Milad Genetic Counseling Center during 2011-2013

Authors

1 General Practitioner Genetic counseling centre, welfare organization, Birjand, Iran

2 Young Researchers and Elite Clube, Gonabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Gonabad, Iran

3 Ph.D. Student, Department of Genetics, Fars Science and Research Branch , Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht , Iran & Department of Genetics, Marvdasht Branch , Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht , Iran

Abstract

Background & Aims: Toxoplasmosis in one of the most prevalent parasitic infections that could result in abortion or miscarriage in the pregnant women. The main objective of this research was to determine seroepidemioligy of toxoplasmosis infection among the urban and rural women admitted in Milad genetic consultancy center of Birjand during 2011-2013. Method: This descriptive-analytical study was carried out on 519 women referred to the centre to find out Toxoplasmosis anti body in serum samples. Results: the prevalence of seromic toxoplasmosis was found to be 19.5%. Among the patients ,77persons (14.8% ) had IgG+ , IgM- ,408 ones (78.6%) had IgG+ , IgM-, 2 persons (0.4%) had IgG- , IgM +, And 13 ones (2.5%) had IgG + , IgM +. For the age group of 27-30 year, the prevalence of infection was detected to be 31.7% which was greater as compared with to the other groups. The patient with high school diploma had the highest prevalence among the other educational groups. In Whole, 74.4% of the studied population were urban and 25.2% were rural and 18.8% of rural and 81.2% of urban sebjeects were IgG +. Conclusion: According to the results, 80.5% of the referred women were negative for toxoplasma antibody. Since this low level of toxoplasmosis antibody during pregnancy might lead to serious fetal complications, necessary trainings and laboratory tests before pregnancy are highly recommended

Keywords


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