The Relationship of Neurotic Perfectionism and Obsessive Thoughts with Body Image Dissatisfaction among Female Diet Applicants

Authors

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Zarand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zarand, Iran

2 M.Sc. Department of Psychology, Zarand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zarand, Iran

3 Assistant Professor Neuroscience Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

Abstract

Background & Aims: Body image represents the attitude of the individual toward himself/herself, along with the feelings and thoughts that can change individuals’ behavior in various conditions and in the positive or negative direction. In neurotic perfectionism, extreme tendency to perfectionism, obsessive thoughts, impulses, or unwanted images can be observed that can damage women’s perception toward visual beauty and body image, and physical attraction. Dieting is a method by which body image can be improved. Methods: This correlational study was conducted on 109 patients referred to a specialized nutrition and diet therapy clinic. The participants were selected using systematic sampling. In order to collect data, the Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire (MBSRQ), Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (FMPS), and Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire-44 (OBQ-44) were used. Data were analyzed using the SPSS 18 software. Results: A significant relationship was observed between body image, neurotic perfectionism, and obsessive thoughts. About 26% of the variances in the criterion variable (body image dissatisfaction) could be explained by the predictor variables of neurotic perfectionism and obsessive thoughts. Further evaluation of the two predictor variables showed that only neurotic perfectionism had a significant relationship with body image dissatisfaction. Conclusion: Due to the importance of nutrition in women's health, a careful evaluation of and consultation for the patients seem necessary before providing them with a diet plan. The evaluation of perfectionism and obsessive thoughts in patients can predict the success of the diet programs.

Keywords


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