Evaluation of the Relationship between the Dimensions of the Nurses’ Quality of Working Life and Social Desirability in Fars Province, Iran

Authors

1 Ph.D. Candidate of Biostatistics, Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

2 Ph.D. Candidate of Biostatistics, Department of Biostatistics & Epidemiology, Faculty of Health, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

3 Professor of Biostatistics, Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

4 Ph.D. Candidate of Biostatistics, School of Nursing & Midwifery and Paramedicine, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran

Abstract

Background & Aimes: The nurses’ quality of working life (QWL) influences the quality of health services provided by them and can be affected by several factors. In this study, we assessed the effect of social desirability on nurses’ QWL in Fars province, southern Iran. Methods: In this cross-sectional descriptive and analytic study in 2014, 331 nurses were selected from 7 cities of Fars province using multistage cluster sampling method. Data collection was carried out using Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale and Work-Related Quality of Life Scale of University of Portsmouth. Multivariate regression model was applied to estimate the simultaneous effects of factors. Results: 22.1% of studied nurces were men and 63.9% were married. The nurses’ mean age and workexperience period were 31.26 ± 6.52 and 6.07 + 5.72 years, respectively. Variables such as age, marital status, working experience, employment type, administrative responsibilities and shift work had significant relationship with some of the dimensions , and the social desirability variable was effective on all the dimensions of the QWL (P < 0.05). 22.8% of nurses had low, 70.9% had moderate and 6.3% had high social desirability. Conclusion: Regarding the relationship between the social desirability and all dimensions the QWL, it is necessary for health system managers to provide appropriate strategies, such as in-service training, to increase the social desirability for nursing. Increasing social desirability, support of nurses in their workplace and creating a safe environment for them would improve nurses’ QWL.

Keywords


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