Seroepidemiology of Canine Visceral Leishmaniosis in Kerman City, 2011

Authors

1 Instructor, Infectiouse and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran Zeonosis Research Committee, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

2 Zeonosis Research Committee, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran Associate Professor, Clinical Sciences Department, Veterinary Faculty, Shahid Bahonar University, Kerman, Iran

3 Professor of Parasitology, Leishmaniosis Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

4 Researcher, Leishmaniosis Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

5 Researcher, Zeonosis Research Committee, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran Researcher, HSR Research Committee, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

6 Associate Professor of Pathobiology, Veterinary Faculty, Shahid Bahonar University, Kerman, Iran Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

7 Zeonosis Research Committee, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran Associate Professor of Pathobiology, Veterinary Faculty, Shahid Bahonar University, Kerman, Iran

8 Researcher, Zeonosis Research Committee, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran Researcher, HSR Research Committee, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

Abstract

Background & Aims: Visceral leishmaniosis (VL) is a sporadic disease in many provinces of Iran, while it
is considered endemic in other parts. This study was designed to assess the seroprevalence of canine VL in
the Kerman city.
Methods: Samples were randomly selected from the referred household dogs to the veterinary hospital of
Shahid Bahonar university, Kerman, Iran and stray dogs, euthanized by Kerman municipality. Blood
samples were taken after complete clinical examination. All collected sera were tested by a commercial
indirect ELISA kit for the presence of anti Leishmania infantum antibodies. In addition, complete blood
count tests were performed in all dogs to detect hematological alterations. Collected data were analyzed
through SPSS software and using χ
2
 and fishers’ exact tests.
Results: The overall seroprevalence was 7.03%, which was calculated 11.1% in stray dogs. Seroprevalence
of disease was significantly higher in dogs over 5 years old in comparison to younger dogs (P<0.01).
Seroprevalence had no significant relationship with sex and hematological alterations.
Conclusion: Although the seroprevalence of canine VL in Kerman city was less than that in endemic parts,
stray dogs could be a potential risk factor for public health in this area. Further complementary ecological
studies on vectors and reservoirs in different areas of Kerman province seem to be necessary. 

Keywords