Coping Styles of Stroke Survivors based on Patients’ Demographic Features

Authors

1 Postgraduate of Rehabilitation Management, University of Social Welfare & Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Associate Professor of E.N.T, Dept. of Rehabilitation Management, University of Social Welfare & Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Associate Professor, Dept. of Nursing, University of Social Welfare& Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran

4 Assistant Professor of Neurology, University of Social Welfare & Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran

5 Assistant Professor, Dept. of Rehabilitation Management, University of Social Welfare & Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Background & Aims: stroke is a stressful event associated with numerous physical, psychological, social and economical problems that can complicate the balance of different life aspects, but after a period of time, patients try to benefit from different coping styles to reduce their problems and retain to a normal life. The aims of this study were to investigate coping strategies used by stroke survivors, and to identify their distribution based on demographic factors. Methods: In this cross-sectional descriptive study, all stroke patients in Kerman city were considered as study population. Finally, ninety-five patients were selected by convenience sampling method and based on the study inclusion criteria. Data were gathered by demographic questionnaire and Folkman & Lazarus Coping Questionnaire. The severity of symptoms was measured by National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS). Data analysis was performed by using descriptive and referential statistics (t-test, ANOVA) and through SPSS 16 software package. Results: Maximal means were achieved for seeking social support and planned problem solving, while minimal means were achieved for escape-avoidance and self controlling. There were significant relationships between coping styles and some demographic features such as age, level of education and severity and duration of the disease (P<0.05). Gender did not have a role on use of coping styles. Conclusion: According, to the results of this study, stroke survivors use problem-focused coping strategies more than emotion- focused coping strategies. The results of this study in regard to the relationship of age and educational level with the adopted coping style and using emotion-focused coping strategies by patients with more severe disease should be considered in the patients; treatment planning and process.

Keywords