Postgraduate of Nutrition, Department of health Affair, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran
Associate Professor, Department of Community Mdicine, School of Nutrition Sciences and Food Technology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Assistant Professor, Department of health, Faculty of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Background & Aims: Child obesity is increasing in developing countries. This study assessed the prevalence of obesity and some related factors among less than 5-years children in Bandar Turkmen district, Iran. Methods: In this descriptive-analytical study, 616 children aged less than 5 years were selected with stratified random sampling. Obesity was defined as more than +2 standard deviation (SD) National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) reference. Data were collected by interviewing mothers using a questionnaire and were analyzed with chi-square and Fisher’s tests and multiple regression logistic models. Results: 6 percent of children were obese. Prevalence of obesity did not differ significantly between boys and girls (6 and 6.1 percent respectively). Less than 2500 g and more than 4000 g birth weight (P = 0.031), less than 18 months breast feeding duration (P = 0.017), more than 37 years mother’s present age (P = 0.039), more than 30 years mother’s delivery age (P = 0.043), and formula or cow’s milk plus breast feeding up to 6 months of age (P = 0.018) had significant correlation with children’s obesity. Exclusively breast feeding up to 6 months of age rather than formula or cow’s milk plus breast feeding, reduced obesity risk about 2.45 times (P = 0.019). Conclusion: This study suggests that exclusively breast feeding at first 6 months of age, longer breast feeding duration and pregnancy in lower than 30 years of age reduce risk of child obesity.