Evaluation of Validity and Reliability of the Quality of School Life Questionnaire in Mashhad Schools

Authors

1 M.A. Student of General Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

2 Assistant Professor of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

3 Professor of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

Abstract

Background & Aims: The Quality of School Life (QSL) is an issue that in the recent decade has got special
attention for its influential role in student's life and it is defined as the level of quality of different aspects
related to the student's life in school. Since students are future managers of the society, and spend most of
their life time at school, identifying the factors that can threaten their life quality is very important and this
requires an efficient instrument for precise evaluation. The aim of this study was to investigate psychometric
characteristics of the Quality of School Life Questionnaire (Anderson & Brouck, 2000) in Iranian
population.
Method: In this study, 331 students aged 11-16 years (115 girls/ 216 boys) were selected through multistage
cluster sampling and Morgan table for sampling. Anderson & Brouck Quality of School life questionnaire
was evaluated in regard to its construct validity (explanatory factor analysis and internal consistency),
convergent validity, reliability (internal consistency) and Pearson correlation index in the studied group. Data
were analyzed through SPSS.18 software.
Results: In explanatory factor analysis, 5 factors (Opportunity, Adventure and Achievement, General
Satisfaction, Negative Affect, Social integration and Quality of school life were extracted. The reliability of
the mentioned factors was respectively 0.70, 0.76, 0.70, 0.71, 0.72 and 0.85 by calculating Cronbach's alpha.
Conclusion: Considering the results of this study, the Quality of School Life Questionnaire has good validity
and reliability, and can be used for evaluating Quality of School Life in Iranian Secondary school students. 

Keywords