Effect of Aerobic and Non-aerobic Exercises on Anxiety

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Faculty Member, Department of Physical Education, School of Medicine, Kerman University of Medical Science and Health Services, Kerman, Iran

2 Faculty Member, Department of Psychology, Zarand Azad University, Zarand, Iran

Abstract

troduction: Based on previous studies, exercise has an important role on the reduction of anxiety. Considering high rate of anxiety in youths and its negative effects on educational progress the present study was designed to investigate the effects of aerobic and non-aerobic exercises on the anxiety reduction. Method: Sixty anxious students in zarand azad university, were randomly divided into three groups: 1.aerobic exercise, 2. non-aerobic exercise, and 3. control group. All participants were assessed for anxiety by symptom check list- 90- revised (SCL90-R) and subjective unit of distress scale (SUDS) before and after eight weeks intervention. The anxiety scores before and after intervention were compared in three groups using repeated ANOVA, and paired t-test. Results: In contrast to control group, anxiety scores in both aerobic and non-aerobic groups decreased significantly. However, there was not any significant difference between aerobic and non-aerobic groups in znxiety decrease. Conclusion: Based on these findings, exercise can be considered as an effective and safe method to reduce anxiety, and as both aerobic and non-aerobic exercises are effective in reducing anxiety one can choose the type of exercise based on his/her personal desire and body strength.

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