Survey of the Fauna and Monthly Activity of the Sandfly as the Vectors of the Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in the City of Bam

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Instructor, School of Public Health

2 Professor of Parasitology, Kerman University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Kerman, Iran.

Abstract

The objective of this study is to determine the fauna and monthly activity of the sandflies as the vectors of the cutaneous leishmaniasis disease that can be used for the determination of the method and the way of controlling this disease. Totally, 1890 sandflies were catched from the outdoor and indoor places of the chosen districts and the valleys of ancient Arg–e Bam by using the sticky paper traps. The sandfly species of them were determined, two of which were of the Phlebotomus genus (Ph.sergenti, 77.25% Ph. Papatasi 19%) and 3 species were of the Ergenatomyia genus (S. baghdadis, 1.69% S. sintoni 1.64 % and S. tiberiadis o.42%). P. Sergenti was the predominant species, and formed 85.11% and 81.83% of hunted species from the human indoor locations and animal indoor places respectively. The seasonal activity of the sandfly begins from the first middle of April and continues to about middle of December. The varieties of the trapped Phlebotomus have two peaks of activity during the year , one of which is from the beginning of July , and the other is at the beginning of September which is indicative of two generations in the year. During this study the sex ratio of the different species of the sandflies were also determined.

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