1Associate Professor, Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, Faculty of Health &Infectious and Tropical Diseases Center,Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran
2Assistant Professor, Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, School of Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
3Research Assistant, Faculty of Health, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran
4Assistant Professor, Department of Health Services and Health Promotion, School of Health& Molecular Medicine Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran
5Postgraduate student, Department of Medical Parasitology, School of Medicine, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran
6Postgraduate student, Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, Faculty of Health, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran
7AssistantProfessor, Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, Faculty of Health& Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center,Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran
Background: Mosquitoes are responsible for the transmission of many pathogens and parasites and consequently serious diseases in humans. Currently, application of plant derivatives has been suggested as an alternative bio-control technique for these medically important vectors. Methods: In this study the essential oil and methanol extract of Achilleawilhelmsii were tested against late-3rd or young-4th instar larvae stages of mosquito vector,Anopheles stephensi, under laboratory condition. The larval mortality was calculated after 24 h of the exposure period. Data were subjected to Probit analysis in order to estimate the lethal concentration for 50% and 90% of mortality values. Results: Results showed that the essential oil induced 100% larval mortality of An. stephensilarvae after 24 h with a dosage of 160 ppm, However, a dosage of 320 ppm of methanol extract was required to reach 100% larval mortality.Theessential oil methanol extract exerted significant larvicidal activity with LC50 values of 39.04 and 115.73 ppm, respectively. Conclusion: Our finding suggests that A. wilhelmsii oil is a potential source and has valuable larvicidal compounds for mosquito larval control.
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