The Effect of Resin Cement Type and Cementation Technique on Bond Strength of Fiber Posts

Document Type: Original Article


1 Associate Professor, Department of Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Oral Pathology, School of Dentistry & Physiology Research Center, Institute of Basic and Clinical Physiology Sciences, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Oral Pathology, School of Dentistry, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

4 Assistant Professor, Department of Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran


Background: Resin cements are widely used for cementation of FRC posts, but their bond strength can be influenced by cement type and cementation technique. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of type of resin cement and cementation technique on the bond strength of fiber posts.
Methods: Forty five extracted mandibular premolars with a minimum root length of 14 mm were cut from 1 mm above the CEJ and root canal therapy was performed on them. Based on the type of cement, they were randomly divided into three groups: 1- Permacem, 2- Totalcem and 3- Breeze. Each group was divided into three subgroups based on cementation technique: 1- paper point, 2- lentulo and 3- tip. The push out test was carried out on 2-mm sections of cervical, medial and apical areas in the universal testing machine with a speed of 1 mm/min.
Results: The highest mean of bond strength among cements was in Breeze cement, but this finding was not statistically significant. In terms of different cementation techniques, the highest strength was found for lentulo technique. The bond strength showed no significant difference at different sections of root based on the type of cement and cementation technique.
Conclusion: Cement type has no significant effect on bond strength. The use of lentulo enhances bond strength significantly. No difference was observed in bond strength of different sections of the root in different cements. The greatest fracture mode was adhesive fracture between post and cement.


  1. Stavropoulou AF, Koidis PT. A systematic review of single crowns on endodontically treated teeth. J Dent 2007; 35(10):761-7.
  2. Mangold JT, Kern M. Influence of glass-fiber posts on the fracture resistance and failure pattern of endodontically treated premolars with varying substance loss: an in vitro study. J Prosthet Dent 2011; 105(6):387-93.
  3. Barjau-Escribano A, Sancho-Bru JL, Forner-Navarro L, Rodriguez-Cervantes PJ, Perez-Gonzalez A, Sanchez-Marin FT. Influence of prefabricated post material on restored teeth: fracture strength and stress distribution. Oper Dent 2006; 31(1):47-54.
  4. Shiratori FK, Valle AL, Pegoraro TA, Carvalho RM, Pereira JR. Influence of technique and manipulation on self-adhesive resin cements used to cement intraradicular posts. J Prosthet Dent 2013; 110(1):56-60.
  5. Pereira JR, da Rosa RA, do Valle AL, Ghizoni JS, So MV, Shiratori FK. The influence of different cements on the pull-out bond strength of fiber posts. J Prosthet Dent 2014; 112(1):59-63.
  6. Kim SR, Yum J, Park JK, Hur B, Kim HC. Comparison of push-out bond strength of post according to cement application methods. J Korean Acad Conserv Dent 2010; 35(6): 479-85.
  7. Pereira JR, Lins do Valle A, Ghizoni JS, Lorenzoni FC, Ramos MB, Dos Reis So MV. Push-out bond strengths of different dental cements used to cement glass fiber posts. J Prosthet Dent 2013; 110(2):134-40.
  8. Frankenberger R, Kramer N, Petschelt A. Technique sensitivity of dentin bonding: effect of application mistakes on bond strength and marginal adaptation. Oper Dent 2000; 25(4):324-30.
  9. Aleisa K, Alghabban R, Alwazzan K, Morgano SM. Effect of three endodontic sealers on the bond strength of prefabricated fiber posts luted with three resin cements. J Prosthet Dent 2012; 107(5):322-6.
  10. Radovic I, Monticelli F, Goracci C, Vulicevic ZR, Ferrari M. Self-adhesive resin cements: a literature review. J Adhes Dent 2008; 10(4):251-8.
  11. Farina AP, Chiela H, Carlini-Junior B, Mesquita MF, Miyagaki DC, Randi Ferraz CC, et al. Influence of cement type and relining procedure on push-out bond strength of fiber posts after cyclic loading. J Prosthodont 2016; 25(1):54-60.
  12. Rosenstiel SF, Land MF, Fujimoto J. Contemporary Fixed Prosthodontics. 5th ed. St Louis: Mosby; 2016.
  13. Chang HS, Noh YS, Lee Y, Min KS, Bae JM. Push-out bond strengths of fiber-reinforced composite posts with various resin cements according to the root level. J Adv Prosthodont 2013; 5(3):278-86.
  14. Pereira JR, Vidotti HA, Valle LA, Pamato S, Ghizoni JS, Honario HM, et al. SEM analysis and push-out bond strength of fiberglass posts luted with different cements of glass-ionomer in humid environment: pilot test. J Research Dentistry 2013; 1(1): 83-90.
  15. Liu C, Liu H, Qian YT, Zhu S, Zhao SQ. The influence of four dual-cure resin cements and surface treatment selection to bond strength of fiber post. Int J Oral Sci 2014; 6(1):56-60.
  16. Shillingburg HT, Sather DA, Wilson EL, Cain JR, Mitchell DL, Blanco LJ, et al. Fundamentals of Fixed Prosthodontics. 4th ed. Chicago: Quintessence Pub Co; 2012.
  17. Onay EO, Korkmaz Y, Kiremitci A. Effect of adhesive system type and root region on the push-out bond strength of glass-fibre posts to radicular dentine. Int Endod J 2010; 43(4):259-68.
  18. D'Arcangelo C, D'Amario M, De Angelis F, Zazzeroni S, Vadini M, Caputi S. Effect of application technique of luting agent on the retention of three types of fiber-reinforced post systems. J Endod 2007; 33(11):1378-82.
  19. Aksornmuang J, Nakajima M, Tagami J. Effect of viscosity of dual-cure luting resin composite core materials on bond strength to fiber posts with various surface treatments. Journal of Dental Sciences 2014; 9(4):320-7.
  20. D'Arcangelo C, D'Amario M, Vadini M, Zazzeroni S, De Angelis F, Caputi S. An evaluation of luting agent application technique effect on fibre post retention. J Dent 2008; 36(4):235-40.
  21. Almufleh BS, Aleisa KI, Morgano SM. Effect of surface treatment and type of cement on push-out bond strength of zirconium oxide posts. J Prosthet Dent 2014; 112(4):957-63.
  22. Gomes GM, Gomes OM, Reis A, Gomes JC, Loguercio AD, Calixto AL. Regional bond strengths to root canal dentin of fiber posts luted with three cementation systems. Braz Dent J 2011; 22(6):460-7.
  23. Faria e Silva AL, Casselli DS, Ambrosano GM, Martins LR. Effect of the adhesive application mode and fiber post translucency on the push-out bond strength to dentin. J Endod 2007; 33(9):1078-81.
  24. Fonseca TS, Alfredo E, Vansan LP, Silva RG, Sousa YT, Saquy PC, et al. Retention of radicular posts varying the application technique of the adhesive system and luting agent. Braz Oral Res 2006; 20(4):347-52.