Maxillofacial 3D Imaging in Cleidocranial Dysplasia: A Case Report and Literature Review

Document Type : Case Report


Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, A B Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences (ABSMIDS), Nitte deemed to be University, Mangalore, India


Cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD) is an inherited autosomal dominant disorder affecting the skeletal and craniofacial structures, exhibiting distinct maxillofacial abnormalities. A case of CCD in an adolescent girl who presented with significant maxillofacial abnormalities is reported in this study. She had a total of 58 teeth including the retained deciduous, impacted, and unerupted teeth. The role of radiography in the diagnosis and treatment planning of CCD is inevitable. In our case, the application of cone-beam computed tomography aided in effective treatment planning which included surgical and orthodontic interventions for the management of the maxillofacial abnormalities. Gene testing was done for the patient and the diagnosis of CCD was confirmed. A dental surgeon can be the first person to diagnose the disease because of its striking craniofacial features and associated dental problems. Hence, adequate knowledge about the maxillofacial abnormalities of CCD among dental and maxillofacial surgeons is necessary to aid in an early diagnosis and better aesthetic outcome.


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