1. To find the prescription pattern of antibiotics leading to irrational use among dentists in public and private dental hospitals of Peshawar.
2. To evaluate the associated factors influencing the prescription pattern of antibiotics.
A cross-sectional study was carried out among dentists serving at public & private dental hospitals of Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. A non-probability convenient sampling technique was used in the study, while 377 was sample size. Data was collected through questionnaire consists of three parts including; demographics, prescribing pattern of antibiotics and analgesics in various conditions, and questions about the factors influencing the prescribing pattern of the dentists. Research data were analysed by using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) Software Version 25. Data were represented in tables.
Among the total 177 were males and 200 were females. Among all the prescribed antibiotics Amoxicillin was the most prescribed medicines. More than half of the study participants agreed that the higher cost of the antibiotics is the most contributing factor which influences their prescription pattern while 259 (74.2%) dentists responded that self-medication of the patients may lead to antibiotic resistance.
The present study showed that antibacterial agents are irrationally prescribed in various dental conditions and diseases where operative measures may prevent the disease.