Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 1) Department of clinical Biochemistry, Afzalipoor Faculty of Medicine, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran P.O. Box 7616914115 kerman, iran

2 Kerman University of Medical Sciences

3 Internal Medicine Department-Kerman University of Sciences-Iran

4 Department of Clinical Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

5 Pathology Department, Kerman faculty of medical science

6 Dept. of Biochemistry & Medical Genetics University of Manitoba

Abstract

Abstract
Background: Methylation alterations of tumor suppressor gene promoters are essential aspects of epigenetic changes in gastric cancer (GC). Cadherin1 (CDH1) encodes a protein with essential roles in cell-cell adhesions. In this study association of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) serum levels with the methylation profile of this gene was investigated in gastric cancer (GC), intestinal metaplasia (IM), and functional dyspepsia (FD) patients.
Methods: GC (n=34), IM (n=8), and FD (n=48) patient serums were analyzed for the determination of OCP levels by gas chromatography equipment. The methylation status of the CDH1 gene promoter was examined by methylation-specific PCR (MSP) method. In order to confirm reduced protein expression of this gene in methylated samples, immunohistochemistry (IHC) was used.
Results: Our findings revealed significant hypermethylation of CDH1 gene promoter along with reduced expression in GC patients compared with IM and FD patients. Furthermore, there was significant association between CDH1 promoter hypermethylation and 2,4-DDT (odds ratio [OR]:1.183;95%CI:1.001-1.398, p=0.048) serum levels in GC patients.
Conclusion: Our results could suggest the association of 2,4-DDT OCP levels in the GC patient serums with CDH1 gene promoter hypermethylation. Additionally, this gene promoter methylation may play a role in the progression of pre-cancerous IM towards GC.

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